Queen Elizabeth II is the longest reigning monarch in British history.
Elizabeth was born on April 21, 1926 in London. She is owned here by her mother, also named Elizabeth. His father would later become King George VI.
Princess Elizabeth poses for a photo at her London home in 1928.
Princess Elizabeth is seen with her uncle Edward, Prince of Wales, during a visit to Balmoral, Scotland, in September 1933. He would become King Edward VIII in 1936. But when he abdicated later that year, Elizabeth’s father became king and she became heiress presumptive.
From left, Princess Elizabeth, King George VI, Queen Elizabeth and Princess Margaret wave to the crowd from the balcony of Buckingham Palace on June 22, 1939.
Elizabeth rides a horse in Windsor, England in 1940. Her love of horses is well documented.
A 14-year-old Elizabeth, right, sits next to her sister for a radio broadcast on October 13, 1940. On the broadcast, her first, she said the children of England were full of cheerfulness and courage.
Princess Elizabeth shakes hands with a Grenadier Guards officer on May 29, 1942. King George VI made Elizabeth an Honorary Colonel of the Royal Army Regiment.
Elizabeth, right, and Princess Margaret wear summer dresses circa 1942. Margaret is Elizabeth’s only sister.
With the Drakensberg Mountains behind her, Princess Elizabeth sits in Natal National Park in South Africa on April 21, 1947. It was her 21st birthday.
On November 20, 1947, Elizabeth married Prince Philip, a British naval lieutenant born into the royal families of Greece and Denmark. After becoming a British citizen and renouncing his Greek title, Philip became His Royal Highness Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. His wife became the Duchess of Edinburgh.
Princess Elizabeth arrives at a state banquet in London in March 1950.
Elizabeth ascended the throne in February 1952, when her father died of lung cancer aged 56. Here she walks down the aisle during her coronation ceremony on June 2, 1953.
Queen Elizabeth II is pictured on the balcony of Melbourne’s Government House during her tour of Australia in March 1954.
Left to right, Princess Margaret, Queen Elizabeth II and the Queen Mother visit Epsom Downs Racecourse in June 1958.
The Queen holds her son Prince Andrew as her sister Princess Anne looks on during a family holiday at Balmoral Castle in Scotland in September 1960. The Queen has four children, including sons Charles and Edward.
Queen Elizabeth II is seen at the official opening of Parliament in April 1966.
Queen Elizabeth II with her eldest son, Prince Charles, in 1969. Charles is next in line for the throne.
Prince Charles adjusts his crown during his investiture ceremony as Prince of Wales in 1969.
The Queen and Prince Philip wave from an airplane ramp shortly before taking off from Tokyo in May 1975.
The Queen takes a portrait at Windsor Castle on her 50th birthday on April 21, 1976.
The Queen meets the crowd during her royal tour of New Zealand in 1977.
Elizabeth rides some of her corgis at the Windsor Equestrian Trials in May 1980.
The Queen stands next to Prince Charles as he kisses his new bride, Princess Diana, on July 29, 1981.
Elizabeth takes photos of her husband at a horse show in Windsor in May 1982.
Elizabeth drives her Land Rover at the Royal Windsor Horse Show in May 1992.
At Buckingham Palace, the Queen and Prince Philip admire floral tributes to Princess Diana after her tragic death in 1997.
The Queen addresses the nation the day before Princess Diana’s funeral in 1997.
Prince Charles reflects on his mother after marrying Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, in April 2005.
The Queen, second from right, waves to a crowd from the balcony of Buckingham Palace April 29, 2011. Her grandson Prince William, third from left, had just married Catherine Middleton.
The Queen’s signature can be seen in the guestbook at Aras An Uachtarain, the Irish President’s official residence in Dublin in May 2011.
Madame Tussauds London reveals a wax figure of the Queen in May 2012.
Prince Charles kisses his mother’s hand on stage as singer Paul McCartney, far right, watches the Diamond Jubilee concert in June 2012. The Diamond Jubilee celebrations marked Elizabeth’s 60th birthday in as queen.
The Queen visits the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in London in December 2012.
A boy in Belfast, Northern Ireland, takes a selfie in front of the Queen in June 2014.
The Queen enters the Great Hall of Edinburgh Castle after attending a memorial service for the Scottish National War Memorial in July 2014.
The Queen waits to deliver her speech at the official opening of Parliament in May 2015.
Elizabeth listens to her great-grandson Prince George outside a church where George’s sister Charlotte was baptized in July 2015. George and Charlotte are the children of Prince William, left, and Duchess Catherine.
The Queen takes a photo with five of her great-grandchildren and her two youngest grandchildren in April 2016.
The Queen poses with four of her dogs on the private grounds of Windsor Castle in April 2016.
The Queen and Prince Philip greet guests in London who attended his 90th birthday celebrations in 2016.
Elizabeth talks to 14-year-old Evie Mills at a hospital in Manchester, England, in May 2017. Evie was injured in a bomb attack as people were leaving an Ariana Grande concert.
The Queen sits at a desk in Buckingham Palace after taping her Christmas Day show in 2017.
The Queen arrives for the wedding of her grandson Prince Harry and Meghan Markle in May 2018.
The Queen laughs with Meghan, Duchess of Sussex, at a bridge opening ceremony in Halton, England, in June 2018. It was Meghan’s first royal outing without her husband Prince Harry by her side .
The Queen and Prince Philip look at a homemade birthday card given to them by their great-grandchildren Prince George, Princess Charlotte and Prince Louis in November 2020.
The Queen receives a rose from the Duke of Edinburgh from Keith Weed, President of the Royal Horticultural Society, in June 2021. The newly raised rose has been officially named in honor of Prince Philip.
The Queen drives her Range Rover as she attends the Royal Windsor Horse Show in Windsor, England, in July 2021.
The Queen attends the Royal Windsor Cup polo match and a carriage driving demonstration by the British Driving Society in July 2021.
The Queen and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, left, greet guests at a reception at Windsor Castle for international business and investment leaders in October 2021.
The Queen welcomes Liz Truss to Balmoral, Scotland, where she invited the newly elected leader of the Conservative Party to become Prime Minister and form a new government on September 6.