How extreme heat puts you at risk

Anyone can experience heat exhaustion, the symptoms of which include headaches, tremors, dizziness and thirst. As long as the person cools down within 30 minutes, heat exhaustion is usually not serious.

If the body’s core temperature exceeds 40.6 degrees Celsius, it results in heat stroke, a more serious condition. This can lead to long-term organ damage, death, and other medical emergencies. Rapid breathing, convulsions or confusion, and nausea are some of the symptoms.

While UV rays and high humidity levels are often beneficial for patients with psoriasis, the situation is different for those with eczema. In fact, if one has this condition, it is crucial not to allow the skin to overheat as the summer heat can lead to greater irritation and redness of the skin.

Excessive heat leads to excessive sweating which can affect more than the face. The combination of sweat, bacteria, and friction from clothing can also cause rashes on your back and chest.

Who is most at risk

Young children, the elderly, people who need to stay active or who are more at risk, such as those who work outdoors or athletes, are among the most vulnerable people.

Heat can aggravate pre-existing conditions, including diabetes, cardiovascular and respiratory disease, and diabetes. People suffering from the same should prefer to spend most of their time in less cold areas.

Research published in The Lancet last year indicated that just under 500,000 deaths globally occur each year due to excessive heat, while data from many low-income countries is scarce.

Although many more people are dying from the common cold, experts say that should change.

Many studies have found that heat can also lead to low birth weight and early birth in pregnant women and babies.

Less visible risks also exist. According to Lawrence Wainwright, professor of environment at the University of Oxford, heat waves often lead to an increase in mental health problems.

Extreme heat is linked to a higher death rate

Experts say more deaths occur earlier in the summer because people’s bodies haven’t had time to acclimate.

Location is also important; people are more vulnerable in areas where the heat is unfamiliar, or people are less exposed to it. However, there are restrictions and individuals all over the world, especially those who must continue to work in physically demanding industries like construction, are at risk from excessively hot weather caused by climate change.

How to protect yourself from extreme heat

Several European public health organizations have provided advice on staying cool, such as avoiding exertion where possible and drinking plenty of water. Here are some steps to protect yourself from extreme heat

  • As much as possible, stay indoors in a cool environment.
  • Even if you are not thirsty, be sure to drink plenty of water
  • Plan your time outdoors carefully.
  • Wear sunscreen and loose, airy, light-colored clothing.
  • Relax by taking cold baths or showers.
  • Never leave children or pets in cars.
  • Put on a good pair of UV-blocking sunglasses to protect your eyes and vision.
  • Eat more fruits and vegetables and smaller meals to give your body more energy.
  • Keep checking local news for health and safety updates.


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